How do I convert a String to an int in Java?

2011-04-08 java string int type-conversion

How can I convert a String to an int in Java?

My String contains only numbers, and I want to return the number it represents.

For example, given the string "1234" the result should be the number 1234.

Answers

String myString = "1234";
int foo = Integer.parseInt(myString);

If you look at the Java Documentation you'll notice the "catch" is that this function can throw a NumberFormatException, which of course you have to handle:

int foo;
try {
   foo = Integer.parseInt(myString);
}
catch (NumberFormatException e)
{
   foo = 0;
}

(This treatment defaults a malformed number to 0, but you can do something else if you like.)

Alternatively, you can use an Ints method from the Guava library, which in combination with Java 8's Optional, makes for a powerful and concise way to convert a string into an int:

import com.google.common.primitives.Ints;

int foo = Optional.ofNullable(myString)
 .map(Ints::tryParse)
 .orElse(0)

For example, here are two ways:

Integer x = Integer.valueOf(str);
// or
int y = Integer.parseInt(str);

There is a slight difference between these methods:

  • valueOf returns a new or cached instance of java.lang.Integer
  • parseInt returns primitive int.

The same is for all cases: Short.valueOf/parseShort, Long.valueOf/parseLong, etc.

Well, a very important point to consider is that the Integer parser throws NumberFormatException as stated in Javadoc.

int foo;
String StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot = "26263Hello"; //will throw exception
String StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot2 = "26263"; //will not throw exception
try {
      foo = Integer.parseInt(StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      //Will Throw exception!
      //do something! anything to handle the exception.
}

try {
      foo = Integer.parseInt(StringThatCouldBeANumberOrNot2);
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      //No problem this time, but still it is good practice to care about exceptions.
      //Never trust user input :)
      //Do something! Anything to handle the exception.
}

It is important to handle this exception when trying to get integer values from split arguments or dynamically parsing something.

Do it manually:

public static int strToInt( String str ){
    int i = 0;
    int num = 0;
    boolean isNeg = false;

    //Check for negative sign; if it's there, set the isNeg flag
    if (str.charAt(0) == '-') {
        isNeg = true;
        i = 1;
    }

    //Process each character of the string;
    while( i < str.length()) {
        num *= 10;
        num += str.charAt(i++) - '0'; //Minus the ASCII code of '0' to get the value of the charAt(i++).
    }

    if (isNeg)
        num = -num;
    return num;
}

You can also begin by removing all non-numerical characters and then parsing the integer:

String mystr = mystr.replaceAll("[^\\d]", "");
int number = Integer.parseInt(mystr);

But be warned that this only works for non-negative numbers.

Converting a string to an int is more complicated than just convertig a number. You have think about the following issues:

  • Does the string only contains numbers 0-9?
  • What's up with -/+ before or after the string? Is that possible (referring to accounting numbers)?
  • What's up with MAX_-/MIN_INFINITY? What will happen if the string is 99999999999999999999? Can the machine treat this string as an int?

Currently I'm doing an assignment for college, where I can't use certain expressions, such as the ones above, and by looking at the ASCII table, I managed to do it. It's a far more complex code, but it could help others that are restricted like I was.

The first thing to do is to receive the input, in this case, a string of digits; I'll call it String number, and in this case, I'll exemplify it using the number 12, therefore String number = "12";

Another limitation was the fact that I couldn't use repetitive cycles, therefore, a for cycle (which would have been perfect) can't be used either. This limits us a bit, but then again, that's the goal. Since I only needed two digits (taking the last two digits), a simple charAtsolved it:

 // Obtaining the integer values of the char 1 and 2 in ASCII
 int semilastdigitASCII = number.charAt(number.length()-2);
 int lastdigitASCII = number.charAt(number.length()-1);

Having the codes, we just need to look up at the table, and make the necessary adjustments:

 double semilastdigit = semilastdigitASCII - 48;  //A quick look, and -48 is the key
 double lastdigit = lastdigitASCII - 48;

Now, why double? Well, because of a really "weird" step. Currently we have two doubles, 1 and 2, but we need to turn it into 12, there isn't any mathematic operation that we can do.

We're dividing the latter (lastdigit) by 10 in the fashion 2/10 = 0.2 (hence why double) like this:

 lastdigit = lastdigit/10;

This is merely playing with numbers. We were turning the last digit into a decimal. But now, look at what happens:

 double jointdigits = semilastdigit + lastdigit; // 1.0 + 0.2 = 1.2

Without getting too into the math, we're simply isolating units the digits of a number. You see, since we only consider 0-9, dividing by a multiple of 10 is like creating a "box" where you store it (think back at when your first grade teacher explained you what a unit and a hundred were). So:

 int finalnumber = (int) (jointdigits*10); // Be sure to use parentheses "()"

And there you go. You turned a String of digits (in this case, two digits), into an integer composed of those two digits, considering the following limitations:

  • No repetitive cycles
  • No "Magic" Expressions such as parseInt

I'm have a solution, but I do not know how effective it is. But it works well, and I think you could improve it. On the other hand, I did a couple of tests with JUnit which step correctly. I attached the function and testing:

static public Integer str2Int(String str) {
    Integer result = null;
    if (null == str || 0 == str.length()) {
        return null;
    }
    try {
        result = Integer.parseInt(str);
    } 
    catch (NumberFormatException e) {
        String negativeMode = "";
        if(str.indexOf('-') != -1)
            negativeMode = "-";
        str = str.replaceAll("-", "" );
        if (str.indexOf('.') != -1) {
            str = str.substring(0, str.indexOf('.'));
            if (str.length() == 0) {
                return (Integer)0;
            }
        }
        String strNum = str.replaceAll("[^\\d]", "" );
        if (0 == strNum.length()) {
            return null;
        }
        result = Integer.parseInt(negativeMode + strNum);
    }
    return result;
}

Testing with JUnit:

@Test
public void testStr2Int() {
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)(-5), Helper.str2Int("-5"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)50, Helper.str2Int("50.00"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)20, Helper.str2Int("$ 20.90"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)5, Helper.str2Int(" 5.321"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)1000, Helper.str2Int("1,000.50"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)0, Helper.str2Int("0.50"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)0, Helper.str2Int(".50"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)0, Helper.str2Int("-.10"));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)Integer.MAX_VALUE, Helper.str2Int(""+Integer.MAX_VALUE));
    assertEquals("is numeric", (Integer)Integer.MIN_VALUE, Helper.str2Int(""+Integer.MIN_VALUE));
    assertEquals("Not
     is numeric", null, Helper.str2Int("czv.,xcvsa"));
    /**
     * Dynamic test
     */
    for(Integer num = 0; num < 1000; num++) {
        for(int spaces = 1; spaces < 6; spaces++) {
            String numStr = String.format("%0"+spaces+"d", num);
            Integer numNeg = num * -1;
            assertEquals(numStr + ": is numeric", num, Helper.str2Int(numStr));
            assertEquals(numNeg + ": is numeric", numNeg, Helper.str2Int("- " + numStr));
        }
    }
}

An alternate solution is to use Apache Commons' NumberUtils:

int num = NumberUtils.toInt("1234");

The Apache utility is nice because if the string is an invalid number format then 0 is always returned. Hence saving you the try catch block.

Apache NumberUtils API Version 3.4

We can use the parseInt(String str) method of the Integer wrapper class for converting a String value to an integer value.

For example:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = Integer.parseInt(strVal);

The Integer class also provides the valueOf(String str) method:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = Integer.valueOf(strValue);

We can also use toInt(String strValue) of NumberUtils Utility Class for the conversion:

String strValue = "12345";
Integer intValue = NumberUtils.toInt(strValue);

You can use this code also, with some precautions.

  • Option #1: Handle the exception explicitly, for example, showing a message dialog and then stop the execution of the current workflow. For example:

    try
        {
            String stringValue = "1234";
    
            // From String to Integer
            int integerValue = Integer.valueOf(stringValue);
    
            // Or
            int integerValue = Integer.ParseInt(stringValue);
    
            // Now from integer to back into string
            stringValue = String.valueOf(integerValue);
        }
    catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
        //JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(frame, "Invalid input string!");
        System.out.println("Invalid input string!");
        return;
    }
    
  • Option #2: Reset the affected variable if the execution flow can continue in case of an exception. For example, with some modifications in the catch block

    catch (NumberFormatException ex) {
        integerValue = 0;
    }
    

Using a string constant for comparison or any sort of computing is always a good idea, because a constant never returns a null value.

Integer.decode

You can also use public static Integer decode(String nm) throws NumberFormatException.

It also works for base 8 and 16:

// base 10
Integer.parseInt("12");     // 12 - int
Integer.valueOf("12");      // 12 - Integer
Integer.decode("12");       // 12 - Integer
// base 8
// 10 (0,1,...,7,10,11,12)
Integer.parseInt("12", 8);  // 10 - int
Integer.valueOf("12", 8);   // 10 - Integer
Integer.decode("012");      // 10 - Integer
// base 16
// 18 (0,1,...,F,10,11,12)
Integer.parseInt("12",16);  // 18 - int
Integer.valueOf("12",16);   // 18 - Integer
Integer.decode("#12");      // 18 - Integer
Integer.decode("0x12");     // 18 - Integer
Integer.decode("0X12");     // 18 - Integer
// base 2
Integer.parseInt("11",2);   // 3 - int
Integer.valueOf("11",2);    // 3 - Integer

If you want to get int instead of Integer you can use:

  1. Unboxing:

    int val = Integer.decode("12"); 
    
  2. intValue():

    Integer.decode("12").intValue();
    

Whenever there is the slightest possibility that the given String does not contain an Integer, you have to handle this special case. Sadly, the standard Java methods Integer::parseInt and Integer::valueOf throw a NumberFormatException to signal this special case. Thus, you have to use exceptions for flow control, which is generally considered bad coding style.

In my opinion, this special case should be handled by returning an empty Optional<Integer>. Since Java does not offer such a method, I use the following wrapper:

private Optional<Integer> tryParseInteger(String string) {
    try {
        return Optional.of(Integer.valueOf(string));
    } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
        return Optional.empty();
    }
}

Example usage:

// prints "12"
System.out.println(tryParseInteger("12").map(i -> i.toString()).orElse("invalid"));
// prints "-1"
System.out.println(tryParseInteger("-1").map(i -> i.toString()).orElse("invalid"));
// prints "invalid"
System.out.println(tryParseInteger("ab").map(i -> i.toString()).orElse("invalid"));

While this is still using exceptions for flow control internally, the usage code becomes very clean. Also, you can clearly distinguish the case where -1 is parsed as a valid value and the case where an invalid String could not be parsed.

int foo=Integer.parseInt("1234");

Make sure there is no non-numeric data in the string.

As mentioned, Apache Commons' NumberUtils can do it. It returns 0 if it cannot convert a string to an int.

You can also define your own default value:

NumberUtils.toInt(String str, int defaultValue)

Example:

NumberUtils.toInt("3244", 1) = 3244
NumberUtils.toInt("", 1)     = 1
NumberUtils.toInt(null, 5)   = 5
NumberUtils.toInt("Hi", 6)   = 6
NumberUtils.toInt(" 32 ", 1) = 1 // Space in numbers are not allowed
NumberUtils.toInt(StringUtils.trimToEmpty("  32 ", 1)) = 32;

Apart from the previous answers, I would like to add several functions. These are results while you use them:

public static void main(String[] args) {
  System.out.println(parseIntOrDefault("123", 0)); // 123
  System.out.println(parseIntOrDefault("aaa", 0)); // 0
  System.out.println(parseIntOrDefault("aaa456", 3, 0)); // 456
  System.out.println(parseIntOrDefault("aaa789bbb", 3, 6, 0)); // 789
}

Implementation:

public static int parseIntOrDefault(String value, int defaultValue) {
  int result = defaultValue;
  try {
    result = Integer.parseInt(value);
  }
  catch (Exception e) {
  }
  return result;
}

public static int parseIntOrDefault(String value, int beginIndex, int defaultValue) {
  int result = defaultValue;
  try {
    String stringValue = value.substring(beginIndex);
    result = Integer.parseInt(stringValue);
  }
  catch (Exception e) {
  }
  return result;
}

public static int parseIntOrDefault(String value, int beginIndex, int endIndex, int defaultValue) {
  int result = defaultValue;
  try {
    String stringValue = value.substring(beginIndex, endIndex);
    result = Integer.parseInt(stringValue);
  }
  catch (Exception e) {
  }
  return result;
}

Google Guava has tryParse(String), which returns null if the string couldn't be parsed, for example:

Integer fooInt = Ints.tryParse(fooString);
if (fooInt != null) {
  ...
}

For a normal string you can use:

int number = Integer.parseInt("1234");

For a String builder and String buffer you can use:

Integer.parseInt(myBuilderOrBuffer.toString());

Here we go

String str="1234";
int number = Integer.parseInt(str);
print number;//1234

You can use new Scanner("1244").nextInt(). Or ask if even an int exists: new Scanner("1244").hasNextInt()

In programming competitions, where you're assured that number will always be a valid integer, then you can write your own method to parse input. This will skip all validation related code (since you don't need any of that) and will be a bit more efficient.

  1. For valid positive integer:

    private static int parseInt(String str) {
        int i, n = 0;
    
        for (i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
            n *= 10;
            n += str.charAt(i) - 48;
        }
        return n;
    }
    
  2. For both positive and negative integers:

    private static int parseInt(String str) {
        int i=0, n=0, sign=1;
        if (str.charAt(0) == '-') {
            i = 1;
            sign = -1;
        }
        for(; i<str.length(); i++) {
            n* = 10;
            n += str.charAt(i) - 48;
        }
        return sign*n;
    }
    
  3. If you are expecting a whitespace before or after these numbers, then make sure to do a str = str.trim() before processing further.

Alternatively, you can use Integer.valueOf(). It will return an Integer object.

String numberStringFormat = "10";
Integer resultIntFormat = Integer.valueOf(numberStringFormat);
LOG.info("result:" + resultIntFormat);

Output: 10

One method is parseInt(String). It returns a primitive int:

String number = "10";
int result = Integer.parseInt(number);
System.out.println(result);

The second method is valueOf(String), and it returns a new Integer() object:

String number = "10";
Integer result = Integer.valueOf(number);
System.out.println(result);

This is a complete program with all conditions positive and negative without using a library

import java.util.Scanner;


public class StringToInt {

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        String inputString;
        Scanner s = new Scanner(System.in);
        inputString = s.nextLine();

        if (!inputString.matches("([+-]?([0-9]*[.])?[0-9]+)")) {
            System.out.println("Not a Number");
        }
        else {
            Double result2 = getNumber(inputString);
            System.out.println("result = " + result2);
        }
    }


    public static Double getNumber(String number) {
        Double result = 0.0;
        Double beforeDecimal = 0.0;
        Double afterDecimal = 0.0;
        Double afterDecimalCount = 0.0;
        int signBit = 1;
        boolean flag = false;

        int count = number.length();
        if (number.charAt(0) == '-') {
            signBit = -1;
            flag = true;
        }
        else if (number.charAt(0) == '+') {
            flag = true;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
            if (flag && i == 0) {
                continue;
            }
            if (afterDecimalCount == 0.0) {
                if (number.charAt(i) - '.' == 0) {
                    afterDecimalCount++;
                }
                else {
                    beforeDecimal = beforeDecimal * 10 + (number.charAt(i) - '0');
                }
            }
            else {
                afterDecimal = afterDecimal * 10 + number.charAt(i) - ('0');
                afterDecimalCount = afterDecimalCount * 10;
            }
        }
        if (afterDecimalCount != 0.0) {
            afterDecimal = afterDecimal / afterDecimalCount;
            result = beforeDecimal + afterDecimal;
        }
        else {
            result = beforeDecimal;
        }
        return result * signBit;
    }
}

Simply you can try this:

  • Use Integer.parseInt(your_string); to convert a String to int
  • Use Double.parseDouble(your_string); to convert a String to double

Example

String str = "8955";
int q = Integer.parseInt(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 8955

String str = "89.55";
double q = Double.parseDouble(str);
System.out.println("Output>>> " + q); // Output: 89.55

Methods to do that:

 1. Integer.parseInt(s)
 2. Integer.parseInt(s, radix)
 3. Integer.parseInt(s, beginIndex, endIndex, radix)
 4. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s)
 5. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s, radix)
 6. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s, beginIndex, endIndex, radix)
 7. Integer.valueOf(s)
 8. Integer.valueOf(s, radix)
 9. Integer.decode(s)
 10. NumberUtils.toInt(s)
 11. NumberUtils.toInt(s, defaultValue)

Integer.valueOf produces Integer object, all other methods - primitive int.

Last 2 methods from commons-lang3 and big article about converting here.

Use Integer.parseInt(yourString).

Remember the following things:

Integer.parseInt("1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt("-1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt("+1"); // ok

Integer.parseInt(" 1"); // Exception (blank space)

Integer.parseInt("2147483648"); // Exception (Integer is limited to a maximum value of 2,147,483,647)

Integer.parseInt("1.1"); // Exception (. or , or whatever is not allowed)

Integer.parseInt(""); // Exception (not 0 or something)

There is only one type of exception: NumberFormatException

Use Integer.parseInt() and put it inside a try...catch block to handle any errors just in case a non-numeric character is entered, for example,

private void ConvertToInt(){
    String string = txtString.getText();
    try{
        int integerValue=Integer.parseInt(string);
        System.out.println(integerValue);
    }
    catch(Exception e){
       JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(
         "Error converting string to integer\n" + e.toString,
         "Error",
         JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);
    }
 }

I am a little bit surprised that nobody mentioned the Integer constructor that takes String as a parameter.

So, here it is:

String myString = "1234";
int i1 = new Integer(myString);

Java 8 - Integer(String).

Of course, the constructor will return type Integer, and an unboxing operation converts the value to int.


It's important to mention: This constructor calls the parseInt method.

public Integer(String var1) throws NumberFormatException {
    this.value = parseInt(var1, 10);
}

public static int parseInt(String s)throws NumberFormatException

You can use Integer.parseInt() to convert a String to an int.

Convert a String, "20", to a primitive int:

String n = "20";
int r = Integer.parseInt(n); // Returns a primitive int
System.out.println(r);

Output-20

If the string does not contain a parsable integer, it will throw NumberFormatException:

String n = "20I"; // Throws NumberFormatException
int r = Integer.parseInt(n);
System.out.println(r);

public static Integer valueOf(String s)throws NumberFormatException

You can use Integer.valueOf(). In this it will return an Integer object.

String n = "20";
Integer r = Integer.valueOf(n); // Returns a new Integer() object.
System.out.println(r);

Output-20

References https://docs.oracle.com/en/

Try this code with different inputs of String:

String a = "10";  
String a = "10ssda";  
String a = null; 
String a = "12102";

if(null != a) {
    try {
        int x = Integer.ParseInt(a.trim()); 
        Integer y = Integer.valueOf(a.trim());
        //  It will throw a NumberFormatException in case of invalid string like ("10ssda" or "123 212") so, put this code into try catch
    } catch(NumberFormatException ex) {
        // ex.getMessage();
    }
}

It can be done in seven ways:

import com.google.common.primitives.Ints;
import org.apache.commons.lang.math.NumberUtils;

String number = "999";

1) Using Ints.tryParse:

int result = Ints.tryParse(number);

2) Using NumberUtils.createInteger:

Integer result = NumberUtils.createInteger(number);

3) Using NumberUtils.toInt:

int result = NumberUtils.toInt(number);

4) Using Integer.valueOf:

Integer result = Integer.valueOf(number);

5) Using Integer.parseInt:

int result = Integer.parseInt(number);

6) Using Integer.decode:

int result = Integer.decode(number);

7) Using Integer.parseUnsignedInt:

int result = Integer.parseUnsignedInt(number);

Convert a string to an integer with the parseInt method of the Java Integer class. The parseInt method is to convert the String to an int and throws a NumberFormatException if the string cannot be converted to an int type.

Overlooking the exception it can throw, use this:

int i = Integer.parseInt(myString);

If the String signified by the variable myString is a valid integer like “1234”, “200”, “1”, and it will be converted to a Java int. If it fails for any reason, the change can throw a NumberFormatException, so the code should be a little longer to account for this.

For example, Java String to int conversion method, control for a possible NumberFormatException

public class JavaStringToIntExample
{
  public static void main (String[] args)
  {
    // String s = "test";  // Use this if you want to test the exception below
    String s = "1234";

    try
    {
      // The String to int conversion happens here
      int i = Integer.parseInt(s.trim());

      // Print out the value after the conversion
      System.out.println("int i = " + i);
    }
    catch (NumberFormatException nfe)
    {
      System.out.println("NumberFormatException: " + nfe.getMessage());
    }
  }
}

If the change attempt fails – in this case, if you can try to convert the Java String test to an int — the Integer parseInt process will throw a NumberFormatException, which you must handle in a try/catch block.

Integer.parseInt(myString); - using the wrapper class

import java.util.*;

public class strToint {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String str = "123";
        byte barr[] = str.getBytes();

        System.out.println(Arrays.toString(barr));
        int result = 0;

        for(int i = 0; i < barr.length; i++) {
            //System.out.print(barr[i]+" ");
            int ii = barr[i];
            char a = (char) ii;
            int no = Character.getNumericValue(a);
            result = result * 10 + no;
            System.out.println(result);
        }

        System.out.println("result:"+result);
    }
}

I wrote this fast method to parse a string input into int or long. It is faster than the current JDK 11 Integer.parseInt or Long.parseLong. Although, you only asked for int, I also included the long parser. The code parser below requires that the parser's method must be small for it to operate quickly. An alternative version is below the test code. The alternative version is pretty quick and it does not depend on the size of the class.

This class checks for overflow, and you could customize the code to adapt to your needs. An empty string will yield 0 with my method but that is intentional. You can change that to adapt your case or use as is.

This is only the part of the class where parseInt and parseLong are needed. Note that this only deals with base 10 numbers.

The test code for the int parser is below the code below.

/*
 * Copyright 2019 Khang Hoang Nguyen
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 * @author: Khang Hoang Nguyen - [email protected]
 **/
final class faiNumber{
    private static final long[] longpow = {0L, 1L, 10L, 100L, 1000L, 10000L, 100000L, 1000000L, 10000000L, 100000000L, 1000000000L,
                                           10000000000L, 100000000000L, 1000000000000L, 10000000000000L, 100000000000000L,
                                           1000000000000000L, 10000000000000000L, 100000000000000000L, 1000000000000000000L,
                                          };

    private static final int[] intpow = { 0, 1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000,
                                          100000, 1000000, 10000000, 100000000, 1000000000
                                        };

    /**
     * parseLong(String str) parse a String into Long.
     * All errors throw by this method is NumberFormatException.
     * Better errors can be made to tailor to each use case.
     **/
    public static long parseLong(final String str) {
        final int length = str.length();
        if (length == 0)
            return 0L;

        char c1 = str.charAt(0);
        int start;

        if (c1 == '-' || c1 == '+') {
            if (length == 1)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid long value. Input '%s'.", str));
            start = 1;
        } else {
            start = 0;
        }

        /*
         * Note: if length > 19, possible scenario is to run through the string
         * to check whether the string contains only valid digits.
         * If the check had only valid digits then a negative sign meant underflow, else, overflow.
         */
        if (length - start > 19)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid long value. Input '%s'.", str));

        long c;
        long out = 0L;

        for ( ; start < length; start++) {
            c = (str.charAt(start) ^ '0');
            if (c > 9L)
                throw new NumberFormatException( String.format("Not a valid long value. Input '%s'.", str) );
            out += c * longpow[length - start];
        }

        if (c1 == '-') {
            out = ~out + 1L;
            // If out > 0 number underflow(supposed to be negative).
            if (out > 0L)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid long value. Input '%s'.", str));
            return out;
        }
        // If out < 0 number overflow (supposed to be positive).
        if (out < 0L)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid long value. Input '%s'.", str));
        return out;
    }

    /**
     * parseInt(String str) parse a string into an int.
     * return 0 if string is empty.
     **/
    public static int parseInt(final String str) {
        final int length = str.length();
        if (length == 0)
            return 0;

        char c1 = str.charAt(0);
        int start;

        if (c1 == '-' || c1 == '+') {
            if (length == 1)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input '%s'.", str));
            start = 1;
        } else {
            start = 0;
        }

        int out = 0; int c;
        int runlen = length - start;

        if (runlen > 9) {
            if (runlen > 10)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));

            c = (str.charAt(start) ^ '0'); // <- Any number from 0 - 255 ^ 48 will yield greater than 9 except 48 - 57
            if (c > 9)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
            if (c > 2)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
            out += c * intpow[length - start++];
        }

        for ( ; start < length; start++) {
            c = (str.charAt(start) ^ '0');
            if (c > 9)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
            out += c * intpow[length - start];
        }

        if (c1 == '-') {
            out = ~out + 1;
            if (out > 0)
                throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
            return out;
        }

        if (out < 0)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
        return out;
    }
}

Test Code Section. This should take around 200 seconds or so.

// Int Number Parser Test;
long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
System.out.println("INT PARSER TEST");
for (int i = Integer.MIN_VALUE; i != Integer.MAX_VALUE; i++){
   if (faiNumber.parseInt(""+i) != i)
       System.out.println("Wrong");
   if (i == 0)
       System.out.println("HalfWay Done");
}

if (faiNumber.parseInt("" + Integer.MAX_VALUE) != Integer.MAX_VALUE)
    System.out.println("Wrong");
long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
long result = (end - start);
System.out.println(result);
// INT PARSER END */

An alternative method which is also very fast. Note that array of int pow is not used, but a mathematical optimization of multiply by 10 by bit shifting.

public static int parseInt(final String str) {
    final int length = str.length();
    if (length == 0)
        return 0;

    char c1 = str.charAt(0);
    int start;

    if (c1 == '-' || c1 == '+') {
        if (length == 1)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input '%s'.", str));
        start = 1;
    } else {
        start = 0;
    }

    int out = 0;
    int c;
    while (start < length && str.charAt(start) == '0')
        start++; // <-- This to disregard leading 0. It can be
                 // removed if you know exactly your source
                 // does not have leading zeroes.
    int runlen = length - start;

    if (runlen > 9) {
        if (runlen > 10)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));

        c = (str.charAt(start++) ^ '0');  // <- Any number from 0 - 255 ^ 48 will yield greater than 9 except 48 - 57
        if (c > 9)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
        if (c > 2)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
        out = (out << 1) + (out << 3) + c; // <- Alternatively this can just be out = c or c above can just be out;
    }

    for ( ; start < length; start++) {
        c = (str.charAt(start) ^ '0');
        if (c > 9)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
        out = (out << 1) + (out << 3) + c;
    }

    if (c1 == '-') {
        out = ~out + 1;
        if (out > 0)
            throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
        return out;
    }

    if (out < 0)
        throw new NumberFormatException(String.format("Not a valid integer value. Input: '%s'.", str));
    return out;
}

Some of the ways to convert String into Int are as follows:

  1. You can use Integer.parseInt():

    String test = "4568";
    int new = Integer.parseInt(test);
    
  2. Also you can use Integer.valueOf():

    String test = "4568";
    int new = Integer.valueOf(test);
    

You could use any of following:

  1. Integer.parseInt(s)
  2. Integer.parseInt(s, radix)
  3. Integer.parseInt(s, beginIndex, endIndex, radix)
  4. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s)
  5. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s, radix)
  6. Integer.parseUnsignedInt(s, beginIndex, endIndex, radix)
  7. Integer.valueOf(s)
  8. Integer.valueOf(s, radix)
  9. Integer.decode(s)
  10. NumberUtils.toInt(s)
  11. NumberUtils.toInt(s, defaultValue)

Use this method:

public int ConvertStringToInt(String number) {
    int num = 0;

    try {
        int newNumber = Integer.ParseInt(number);
        num = newNumber;
    } catch(Exception ex) {
        num = 0;
        Log.i("Console", ex.toString);
    }
    return num;
}

Custom algorithm:

public static int toInt(String value) {
  int output = 0;
  boolean isFirstCharacter = true;
  boolean isNegativeNumber = false;
  byte bytes[] = value.getBytes();
  for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++) {
    char c = (char) bytes[i];
    if (!Character.isDigit(c)) {
      isNegativeNumber = (c == '-');
      if (!(isFirstCharacter && (isNegativeNumber || c == '+'))) {
        throw new NumberFormatException("For input string \"" + value + "\"");
      }
    } else {
      int number = Character.getNumericValue(c);
      output = output * 10 + number;
    }
    isFirstCharacter = false;
  }
  if (isNegativeNumber)
    output *= -1;
  return output;
}

Another solution:

(Use the string charAt method instead of convert string to byte array)

public static int toInt(String value) {
  int output = 0;
  boolean isFirstCharacter = true;
  boolean isNegativeNumber = false;
  for (int i = 0; i < value.length(); i++) {
    char c = value.charAt(i);
    if (!Character.isDigit(c)) {
      isNegativeNumber = (c == '-');
      if (!(isFirstCharacter && (isNegativeNumber || c == '+'))) {
        throw new NumberFormatException("For input string \"" + value + "\"");
      }
    } else {
      int number = Character.getNumericValue(c);
      output = output * 10 + number;
    }
    isFirstCharacter = false;
  }
  if (isNegativeNumber)
    output *= -1;
  return output;
}

Examples:

int number1 = toInt("20");
int number2 = toInt("-20");
int number3 = toInt("+20");
System.out.println("Numbers = " + number1 + ", " + number2 + ", " + number3);

try {
  toInt("20 Hadi");
} catch (NumberFormatException e) {
  System.out.println("Error: " + e.getMessage());
}

As I write on GitHub:

public class StringToInteger {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        assert parseInt("123") == Integer.parseInt("123");
        assert parseInt("-123") == Integer.parseInt("-123");
        assert parseInt("0123") == Integer.parseInt("0123");
        assert parseInt("+123") == Integer.parseInt("+123");
    }

    /**
     * Parse a string to integer
     *
     * @param s the string
     * @return the integer value represented by the argument in decimal.
     * @throws NumberFormatException if the {@code string} does not contain a parsable integer.
     */
    public static int parseInt(String s) {
        if (s == null) {
            throw new NumberFormatException("null");
        }
        boolean isNegative = s.charAt(0) == '-';
        boolean isPositive = s.charAt(0) == '+';
        int number = 0;
        for (int i = isNegative ? 1 : isPositive ? 1 : 0, length = s.length(); i < length; ++i) {
            if (!Character.isDigit(s.charAt(i))) {
                throw new NumberFormatException("s=" + s);
            }
            number = number * 10 + s.charAt(i) - '0';
        }
        return isNegative ? -number : number;
    }
}

By using this method you can avoid errors.

String myString = "1234";
int myInt;
if(Integer.parseInt(myString), out myInt){};

Two main ways to do this are using the method valueOf() and method parseInt() of Integer class.

Suppose you are given a String like this

String numberInString = "999";

Then you can convert it into integer by using

int numberInInteger = Integer.parseInt(numberInString);

And alternatively, you can use

int numberInInteger = Integer.valueOf(numberInString);

But the thing here is, the method Integer.valueOf() has the following implementation in Integer class:

public static Integer valueOf(String var0, int var1) throws NumberFormatException {
        return parseInt(var0, var1);
    }

As you can see, the Integer.valueOf() internally calls Integer.parseInt() itself. Also, parseInt() returns an int, and valueOf() returns an Integer

There are different ways of converting a string int value into Integer data type value. You need to handle NumberFormatException for string value issue.

  1. Integer.parseInt

    foo = Integer.parseInt(myString);

  2. Integer.valueOf

    foo=Integer.valueOf(myString);

  3. using Java 8 Optional API

    foo= Optional.of(myString).map(Integer::parseInt).get();

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